Demographics Issues in Bangladesh

Demographics in Bangladesh is a very sensitive issue because it involves population density, ethnicity and religious affiliations. Population density is a critical condition in Bangladesh because the country has one of the highest density rates in the world. Also, ethnicity and religious beliefs have been causes for discontent ever since the country became independent.

Bangladesh can be considered a largely homogeneous country when it comes to ethnicity. The country gets its name from the Bengali group who represents 98 percent of the population, making it the dominant ethno-linguistic group. In 2009, the population of Bangladesh was estimated at approximately 160 million people. 90 percent are religious Muslims and the rest are mostly Hindu. One of the downsides of demographics in Bangladesh is that is has one of the highest population density rates in the world. If we exclude from the list small states such as Malta, Bangladesh has the highest density rare in the whole world. When it comes to developing countries such as Bangladesh that are highly illiterate, poor and with a large rural population, statistics can’t always be sure.

Bangladesh also has one of the highest population growth rates in the world. The fertility rate is extremely high in the country’s society because of patriarchal issues that request women to bear children and work in rural, menial jobs. Bangladesh’s population is highly rural, with urban centers being limited. It also has a high risk of infectious diseases like hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever and malaria. This is because the country’s health system is extremely poor and underdeveloped. Most women don’t receive medical treatment, while some of them spent their entire lives without making contact with a medical professional. Another issues that haunts Bangladesh’s demographics is the ethnic conflict between the dominant population and tribal groups that hide in the Chittagong Hills.