Bangladesh is one of the youngest countries in the world. Although it’s no more than three decades old, it has one of the highest poverty rates in the world. Almost half of its population lives below the poverty line, meaning that almost 70 million people in Bangladesh are starving every day. The poverty line is measured by income, the ability to meet basic human needs like food, water and shelter and by consumption rate. For nearly half of its 140 million people, all these needs cannot be satisfied.
The poverty situation in Bangladesh is cause by a lot of factors. First, the insufficient national reforms that were suppose to increase the quality of the health system, electricity system and banking system are the main contributors to this ongoing state of poverty. A corrupt government that lacks political integrity and efficiency is constantly threatening economic growth and public budgets. All these factors are added to the increased population growth rate. Bangladesh is also the country with one of the highest population density rates: almost 1000 people per square kilometer.
Today, women in Bangladesh are giving birth without the help or without ever seeing a medical professional. Malnutrition and maternal mortality are constantly present in the life of women and newborns in Bangladesh. Because the population is growing so rapidly, all the progress in social services and medical services has been rendered useless. The national health system is not properly equipped to face such a big number of patients.
Another thing that characterizes the poverty situation is Bangladesh is inequality. The urban income for households is much bigger than the usual income in a slum. In Bangladesh, four out of five people that are from poor social background have less than half an acre of land. People don’t have money to build houses and they can’t even afford to buy the land they live on. This is how deep the poverty rate is in Bangladesh.